Zeugma 14 Days
Day 1 : ISTANBUL
Arrrival to airport and transfer to hotel.
Day 2 : TRABZON (by flight)
Upon your arrival in Trabzon, you are met with
a friendly 'merhaba' (hello) and escorted to your hotel. You
will have the day free to begin exploring Trabzon or to
relax at your leisure. Learn more about the cultural
adventure ahead of you at an orientation meeting at 7pm.
During dinner get acquainted with the other members of your
Day 3 : TRABZON
Miletian colonists founded Trabzon, the major
city of the region, in the 7th century B.C. You will begin
the day with a tour of the 14th century Sumela Monastery. In
the afternoon, visit the Ayasofya Museum, its splendid
frescoes, some of the finest examples of Byzantine painting,
cover every surface of the interior church walls.
Day 4 : TRABZON - KARS
Begin you day with a scenic morning drive along
the luxuriant Black Sea coastline. While you're there make
sure to visit the fields of tea bushes. Climb up the
mountains to discover the Georgian church in Yusufeli.
Continue to Kars whose ancient fortress dominates the city.
One of the most important sights in Kars is the Kars Museum,
housing many archaeological finds from the earliest ages.
Beautiful woodcarvings, and a wide collection of coins found
in the area are exhibited here. Discover ethnographic works
of art, such as fine kilims, carpets and local costumes.
Dinner and overnight.
Day 5 : KARS - ANI - MT. ARARAT - D.BEYAZIT
In the morning, visit the medieval city of Ani,
a fascinating town situated on the ancient Silk Road. An
Armenian city from the 11th century on the Turkish Armenian
border, Ani was called ""The City of 1001
Churches"" by its contemporary chroniclers and
people alike, for it contained numerous churches and
buildings of great splendor and magnificence. During the 9th
to the 12th centuries, Ani was a hriving community and
acquired fame as being a Christian metropolis in Asia
abounding with prestigious monuments. As the capital of
Christian Armenia, Ani was a flourishing artistic and
religious center ruled by Christian kings. From here
continue to Dogubeyazit. On your way enjoy the unforgettable
scenery of Mount Ararat, Turkey's most scenic natural
monument. Mount Ararat, an inactive volcano capped year
round with ice and snow, rises to a height of 15137 meters
(6,854 feet). The Old Testament records that it was on this
mountain that Noah's Ark came to rest after the great flood.
While here be sure to try the local dessert, asure (Noah's
Pudding), believed to have first been made by Noah's wife
from the last bits of food in the ark.
Day 6 : D.BEYAZIT - ISHAKPASA - VAN
A morning visit to the magnificent palace of
Ishak Pasha will begin your day. Ishak Pasha, Ottoman
governor of the province, constructed the palace in the 17th
century in a mixture of architectural styles. Continue from
there on Van Adjacent to Lake Van. Lake Van is the largest
lake in Turkey. The province of Van sits by Lake Van, and
was the ancient Urartian capital of Tuspa. It is situated in
a green, fertile oasis in the midst of rock-strewn
mountains. An impressive citadel stands on one of these
peaks and dates back to the 9th century BC. There are steps
carved into rock leading to the fortress, and while
descending you will be able to see some cuneiform
inscriptions paying homage to Persian King, Xerxes of the
5th century BC.
Day 7 : VAN - AKDAMAR CHURCH
Enjoy a morning cruise on Lake Van towards the
island of Akdamar with its 10th century church of the Holy
Cross, now a museum, whose stone outer walls are richly
carved with Old Testament scenes and figures. In the
afternoon make a visit to the 17th century Hosap Castle and
Cavustepe dating back to the 9th century BC. Cavustepe, 35
km from Van on the Hakkari road, is an important Urartian
citadel. Excavated in 1970, today you can see temples, a
palace, a sacrificial altar and inscriptions.
Day 8 : VAN - DIYARBAKIR
Next stop on your journey is Diyarbakir.
Diyarbakir, known in ancient times as Amida, has been a
cradle of 26 civilizations during its 5000-year history. The
city is spread across a basalt plateau close to the banks of
the Tigris River. The black basalt triple walls, which
encircle the old town, give the city a rather ominous
appearance. You'll also visit beautiful Ulu Camii (the Grand
Mosque), built in 1179 by Melik Nasreddin Mehmet.
Day 9 : HASANKEYF - MARDIN - DIYARBAKIR
Today, you'll explore the city Hasankeyf by the
Tigris River, before it is completely lost beneath the water
after the installation of the dam. Complete your day with a
visit to some of the oldest universities in the world
located in Midyat and Mardin. Midyat, famous for its silver
objects known as 'telkari' has many elegant, historic
houses. From a distance, the golden stone of Mardin houses
blend into the rock of the hills on which the city is built.
On closer inspection, the stone carving and decoration of
the houses and public buildings reveals the city as an
architectural treasure-chest. Among the jewels are the
ancient citadel and several mosques, in particular, Ulu
Mosque. Also visit the world's oldest universities at Midyat
and Mardin Darulzafeyran where you will discover highlights
of Assyrian civilization.
Day 10 : DIYARBAKIR - MT.NEMRUT - ADIYAMAN
In the morning drive to Kahta and ascend to the
summit of Mount Nemrut. On the summit of Mount Nemrut, the
highest mountain in Northern Mesopotamia at 7,053 feet, sits
the gigantic funerary sanctuary erected in the first century
BC by King Antiochus I of Comma gene. The artificial tumulus
is flanked by terraces on which rest the colossal statues of
Apollo, Zeus, Hercules, Tyche and Antiochus. Time has
inflicted heavy damage on the sculptures - their torsos sit
with their beautifully carved heads at their feet.
Day 11 : ADIYAMAN - HARRAN - URFA
Overlook the Ataturk Dam on the way to Urfa,
which is presumed to be the location where Rebecca drew
water for Jacob and where Abraham decided to move into the
land of Canaan. In the afternoon, explore Harran, lying on
the Mesopotamian plain, known for its mud-brick
""beehive"" like dwellings. Included
among the archeological finds are those of the largest
ancient Islamic university, city walls dating from the
eighth century, four gates and a citadel.
Day 12 : URFA - ZEUGMA - ANTIOCH
Drive to Zeugma by the Euphrates, which has
become a world heritage because it will soon be submerged by
water. Once the capital of the Seleucid kings, it was
notorious for its wealth and luxury. In Roman times, the
city continued to thrive with commerce and culture. It
featured prominently in early Christianity where the name
""Christian"" was first coined. Visit
nearby Karatepe to discover some of the best- preserved
remains of Hittite Civilization.
Day 13 : ANTIOCH - ADANA - ISTANBUL
In Antakya (Antioch) you'll discover the
largest Mosaic Museum in Turkey and the Cave of Saint Peter
where he first celebrated the mass. After lunch, transfer to
the Adana Airport for your flight to Istanbul. Overnight at
Day 14 : DEPARTURE
Transfer to airport for your flight home.
Hotel accommadation; Istanbul on BB, others on
HB Airport / Hotel / Airport transfers Guide service during
tour, All enterancess fees, Parking fees.
Air transportation, if not specified; airport
departure taxes; port taxes; passport expenses; visas;
laundry, wines, liquor, mineral water, and items of a
personal nature; lunch; items not on regular menus; optional
sightseeing or services not included in the itinerary;
excess baggage charges, health, accident, baggage and trip
cancellation insurance; tipping for personal service;
gratuity to guide and driver; or other items not mentioned
as included.Arrive Istanbul, where you will be met and
transferred to your hotel. Balance of leisure. Overnight in
Istanbul at the Hotel.
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Travel Turkey - 2006